The oldest settlement found in the Valencian Community.
The Bolomor Cave (Tavernes de la Valldigna) is located in the southern wathershed in a wide valley that is entered in the mountain, known as the Valldigna. It is oriented from the west to the east, with low altitude and flanked by the Serra de les Creus and the Massís del Mondúver.
The archeological findings belongs to the Palaeolithic and they are related to the oldest remains found in the Valencia. The reseach has already documented the use of the fire during this period over 250.000 years, there is evidence that those people used the fire in a controlled way and it is considered one of the oldest finding in Europe.
The morpholigical development of the Valldigna during the Quaternary was determined by the sea level data, and the sediment deposition, aspects that provide to rebuilt the landscapes and the variations to the coastline. The current morphology consists on a plain coast that resulted from wetlands and small lagoons.
The Massís del Mondúver presents a palaeolandscape with its own forms of tropical karst with conical depressions and pinnacles. This karstification and its morphologic and climatic system are attributed to its mild climate form the Upper Miocene-Pliocene that generated a tropical humit old mediterranean karst and that, today they can be seen with the changes of the Pliocene.
The Bolomor Cave is an archeoligical site located about 2 km south-east of Tavernes de la Valldigna, in the northern slope of the Massís del Mondúver. The excavacions and research were carried out in 1989 with the support of the Museum of Prehistory of Valencia, the provincial council and the General Direction of Heritage of the Valencian Government.
The excavation process made many remains appear: lithic remains, bone remains, combustion systems, and hominid fossils. This site is specially important by its cronostratigraphic value from the Middle Quaternary, between 100.000 and 350.000 years ago. The archeological remains belongs to the Palaeolithic related to the oldest remains found in the Valencian Community. The research has documented an exceptional and unique prehistoric register about the use of bonfires for over 250.000 years, one of the most important evidences of the use of fire in a controlled way in Europe. An importat part of the way of life of these old hominids has been discovered in this site with the integration of new behaviours regarding to use of food sources and their procurement patterns.
The Bolomor Cave represents an important place in the Mediterranean coast to discover the origins and the chacarteristics of the Palaeolithic Eurpean settlers, the way of life of the Neanderthal men and other hominids that came after. Bolomor set a worldwide standard today for the study of the European Middle Pleistocene and the start of the behaviour of the Neanderthal men.
For more information visit the web page www.bolomor.com